The impact of COVID on children

If your children are currently acting out or showing signs of anti-social behaviour, this may be a normal reaction to the news that the end of the pandemic is not yet in sight.

Many parents were likely to have felt mixed emotions when the start of the school term was pushed back. Parents juggling full-time work may be experiencing a sense of frustration or worry, while others who are deeply concerned about their family’s safety may be feeling relieved given the destructive path of the virus.

During this time of prolonged uncertainty, it’s essential to prioritise the well-being of your child or children, who may be experiencing a sudden onset of anxiety or a lack of appropriate social interaction given the extended school holidays.

Display of unusual behaviour

We are seeing an increase in the number of children displaying unusual behaviour as a direct consequence of the circumstances brought on by the pandemic. Unfortunately, the changes can be very subtle, and may be mistaken for bad behaviour, rather than seen in context, which if not addressed correctly, could have long-term negative impacts on children.

Many children under the age of three may be experiencing anxiety, which can play out in many forms, including the sudden onset of bedwetting, mood swings, nightmares, fidgeting, the inability to concentrate, and so on.

I’ve seen this in my own child, who suddenly started getting nightmares of getting sick after eating food given to her by a stranger. This anxiety was a direct result of learning at school that she should not share food or cutlery because it may make her sick.

Unlearning social norms

Children are having to unlearn many of social norms, from “sharing is caring” to not sharing at all, given how the COVID is spread, and this can create confusing, anxiety-provoking messaging.

Anxiety can also play out in children who have been social distancing by not going to crèche, by suddenly becoming a lot less confident in social settings and some may refuse to interact with their peers altogether.

Anxiety may turn usually sociable and playful children into clingy, tearful kids who instead of being happy to go to crèche, only want to sit on their mothers’ laps.

Identifying if your children are impacted

Parents know their children. Every child has a baseline behaviour. If they do something that deviates from their normal, baseline set of behaviours, then it may very well be that your child is being impacted by the uncertainty brought on by the pandemic.

The first step in dealing with anxiety in kids is to recognise what could be spurring it on. For this, it’s essential that parents become aware of their own emotional states, as their own anxious behaviours and feelings could be spilling over to the child, who is a lot more in tune to the parents’ way of being than what is commonly understood.

Then, for school-going children, it’s best to deal with it cognitively through reasoning, or explaining to them and talking to them about what is happening; both around them and to their own emotional state of being.

For children who are in the process of developing their cognitive skills and can’t yet reason, it’s best for the parents to be extra sensitive to their children’s needs. It may be a good idea to balance being understanding and empathic towards your child’s behaviour, no matter how difficult it may be, with gentle encouragement.

Alternatively, if you’re uncertain if your child’s behaviour is normal or not, and you do not know what to do, consider phoning a trusted, medically trained nursing service who has the expertise to help you navigate this uncertain period.

This article was written by Dr Iqbal Karbanee, a paediatrician and CEO of Paed-IQ Babyline.

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