Along with medication, nutrition is integral for blood glucose control. For Type 1 diabetes, a consistent amount of carbohydrates at set times throughout the day is key. For Type 2 diabetes, a diet high in fibre, fruit and vegetables is recommended, in addition to limiting refined carbohydrates (sweets, sugars, products made with white flour), high fat foods, saturated fats (mostly from animal products e.g. meat, chicken skin and full cream dairy), and avoiding sugary drinks.

Your diet should be varied and consist mostly of whole, unprocessed foods. 

Aim for two fruit and three cups of vegetables daily; include legumes (lentils, beans) two to three times a week; choose wholegrains daily; include fish twice a week; eat red meat sparingly, choosing lean cuts when you do; and limit salt (sodium) intake. 

This approach also promotes heart health and will help you reach micronutrient and antioxidant targets needed for optimal hormone and energy production and for reducing oxidative damage to your organs respectively. 

If you are overweight, eating moderate portions will also assist in weight loss. Even a 5% reduction in weight can improve blood glucose control and decrease the risk of cardiovascular disease, a common comorbidity of diabetes.

It’s important to keep on enjoying food. Try shifting your focus from what you can’t have to choosing foods that nourishes your body.

Content supplied by Liezel Engelbrecht (Registered Dietitian and ADSA spokesperson)

Find a registered dietitian at

Medipost Medication delivery

Medipost Pharmacy is South Africa’s largest national courier pharmacy. We strive to make adherence to prescribed chronic treatment a top priority as this is vital to the health and wellness of people living with chronic conditions, such as diabetes. 

We will deliver your chronic medicine parcel at no additional cost to the address of your choice anywhere in South Africa. We can claim from your medical scheme on your behalf, or you can pay via EFT, debit order or EasyPay. 

Self-medication, hair and skin care, supplements and other health essentials are available for delivery via As always, our packaging protects your privacy so no one can see what is inside your parcel. 

If you have any medicine related-enquiry, our caring and professional pharmacy team will advise you over the phone in any of the official South African languages.